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Research on China 's LED Lighting Industry Policy under Low Carbon Economy Oct 12, 2017

Abstract: In December 2008, China National Development and Reform Commission, in order to speed up the promotion of energy-saving emission reduction, the phasing out of incandescent lamps, speed up the promotion of energy-saving lamps, Development and Reform Commission has launched the "China phase-out incandescent, speed up the promotion of energy-saving lamp action plan" Preparation work, energy conservation work to further implement.

    Semiconductor lighting is a new generation of cold light source developed in the 1990s, with the incomparable advantages of traditional light source: saving energy, protecting the environment (excluding mercury and other harmful substances), long life (50,000 hours), reduce maintenance costs, To provide better lighting quality, improve lighting visual effects and security, which makes LED technology in many infrastructure construction has been more and more applications.

    Human modernization caused by the energy crisis warning us: energy conservation and environmental protection without delay, the development and utilization of resources need to sustainable development. Since 2003, most of the country has suffered a new round of power shortages. The shortage of electricity has contributed to the development of electricity, but at the same time has also led us to the alternative energy and new energy thinking.

    China's current energy is mainly from thermal power generation, and thermal power using oil and coal, due to rising oil prices continue to surge in power generation costs, and coal will produce a lot of carbon dioxide caused by greenhouse effect. In order to solve the energy problem, China mainly proceeded in two directions: the development of new energy and energy conservation, the target to 2010 - 2012 alternative energy will provide 15% -30% of energy demand, and China's lighting consumption of electricity accounted for about the total power Consumption of 1/6, such as the current 1/3 of the incandescent lamp is replaced by LED, the annual savings for the country a Three Gorges Project annual power generation.

    Development of LED lighting in line with China's industrial development strategy, China attaches great importance to the development of the semiconductor industry, have introduced a series of policies to promote the development of related industries:

    June 2003, the Ministry of Science and Technology Ministry of Information Industry, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Construction, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Light Industry Federation and other units set up the national semiconductor lighting project coordination leading group, emergency start the national semiconductor lighting project.

    At the beginning of 2006, the State Council issued the Outline of the National Medium and Long Term Science and Technology Development Plan. The "energy efficient and long life semiconductor lighting products" were included in the first priority theme of the first priority area (energy) of medium- and long-term planning (industrial energy saving ), At home and abroad caused widespread concern.

    July 2006, the Ministry of Construction announced the "Eleventh Five-Year" urban green lighting project plan "clearly expressed the goal of achieving a 20% reduction in energy consumption per unit of GDP, stressed the need to implement the conservation of resources and environmental protection requirements , The construction of low input, high output, low energy consumption, less emissions, can cycle, sustainable national economy and resource-saving, environment-friendly society, and the "green lighting - in public facilities, hotels, commercial buildings, office buildings And residential to promote efficient energy-saving lighting system, "as one of the top ten key energy-saving projects.

    October 2006, the national "Eleventh Five-Year" 863 plan "semiconductor lighting project" major project was officially launched.

    In 2007, led by the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Information Industry, State Administration of Taxation and other ministries began drafting "on the further encouragement of the software industry and integrated circuit industry development of a number of policies", the industry generally concerned about the "semiconductor New Deal." The drafting of the semiconductor industry to support the new policy includes "five exemptions and five halves" of corporate income tax incentives, research and development tax cuts (to take credit and tax reduction and use), as well as semiconductor fixed capital equipment tax and the design of integrated circuit design special funds Support and so on.

    In April 2007, in order to support the development and expansion of LED and solar photovoltaic industry, Fujian Province promulgated the "Fujian Province to promote the development of LED and solar photovoltaic industry implementation views (2007-2010)", is China's first introduction of such policies in the province , Fujian Province have also started LED and photovoltaic electronic test platform, LED and photovoltaic applications product design platform and other LED and photovoltaic industry, the construction of public technical service platform.

    Abstract: In December 2008, China National Development and Reform Commission, in order to speed up the promotion of energy-saving emission reduction, the phasing out of incandescent lamps, speed up the promotion of energy-saving lamps, Development and Reform Commission has launched the "China phase-out incandescent, speed up the promotion of energy-saving lamp action plan" Preparation work, energy conservation work to further implement.

    Semiconductor lighting is a new generation of cold light source developed in the 1990s, with the incomparable advantages of traditional light source: saving energy, protecting the environment (excluding mercury and other harmful substances), long life (50,000 hours), reduce maintenance costs, To provide better lighting quality, improve lighting visual effects and security, which makes LED technology in many infrastructure construction has been more and more applications.

    Human modernization caused by the energy crisis warning us: energy conservation and environmental protection without delay, the development and utilization of resources need to sustainable development. Since 2003, most of the country has suffered a new round of power shortages. The shortage of electricity has contributed to the development of electricity, but at the same time has also led us to the alternative energy and new energy thinking.

    China's current energy is mainly from thermal power generation, and thermal power using oil and coal, due to rising oil prices continue to surge in power generation costs, and coal will produce a lot of carbon dioxide caused by greenhouse effect. In order to solve the energy problem, China mainly proceeded in two directions: the development of new energy and energy conservation, the target to 2010 - 2012 alternative energy will provide 15% -30% of energy demand, and China's lighting consumption of electricity accounted for about the total power Consumption of 1/6, such as the current 1/3 of the incandescent lamp is replaced by LED, the annual savings for the country a Three Gorges Project annual power generation.

    Development of LED lighting in line with China's industrial development strategy, China attaches great importance to the development of the semiconductor industry, have introduced a series of policies to promote the development of related industries:

    June 2003, the Ministry of Science and Technology Ministry of Information Industry, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Construction, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Light Industry Federation and other units set up the national semiconductor lighting project coordination leading group, emergency start the national semiconductor lighting project.

    At the beginning of 2006, the State Council issued the Outline of the National Medium and Long Term Science and Technology Development Plan. The "energy efficient and long life semiconductor lighting products" were included in the first priority theme of the first priority area (energy) of medium- and long-term planning (industrial energy saving ), At home and abroad caused widespread concern.

    July 2006, the Ministry of Construction announced the "Eleventh Five-Year" urban green lighting project plan "clearly expressed the goal of achieving a 20% reduction in energy consumption per unit of GDP, stressed the need to implement the conservation of resources and environmental protection requirements , The construction of low input, high output, low energy consumption, less emissions, can cycle, sustainable national economy and resource-saving, environment-friendly society, and the "green lighting - in public facilities, hotels, commercial buildings, office buildings And residential to promote efficient energy-saving lighting system, "as one of the top ten key energy-saving projects.

    October 2006, the national "Eleventh Five-Year" 863 plan "semiconductor lighting project" major project was officially launched.

    In 2007, led by the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Information Industry, State Administration of Taxation and other ministries began drafting "on the further encouragement of the software industry and integrated circuit industry development of a number of policies", the industry generally concerned about the "semiconductor New Deal." The drafting of the semiconductor industry to support the new policy includes "five exemptions and five halves" of corporate income tax incentives, research and development tax cuts (to take credit and tax reduction and use), as well as semiconductor fixed capital equipment tax and the design of integrated circuit design special funds Support and so on.

    In April 2007, in order to support the development and expansion of LED and solar photovoltaic industry, Fujian Province promulgated the "Fujian Province to promote the development of LED and solar photovoltaic industry implementation views (2007-2010)", is China's first introduction of such policies in the province , Fujian Province have also started LED and photovoltaic electronic test platform, LED and photovoltaic applications product design platform and other LED and photovoltaic industry, the construction of public technical service platform.

    On December 5, 2008, Wan Gang, vice chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) and Minister of Science and Technology of the Ministry of Science and Technology, pointed out that "this year, The Ministry of Science and Technology has launched the "ten city of thousands of vehicles" and "ten city ten thousand" demonstration program, and vigorously promote the new energy vehicles and LED (semiconductor lighting) energy-saving lamps and lanterns applications, such as energy-saving emission reduction, the Ministry of Science and Technology has launched and began to implement some specific measures ; And, such as steel, chemicals, electricity and other fields of new technology, the promotion of new methods, have been highly valued by the State Council and the relevant departments of the strong support.We will also innovative support approach, more from the new technology test application And so on, looking for a combination of economic and social development, to take post - subsidy and post - reward approach to support the experimental area of innovation and practice.

    In December 2008, the China National Development and Reform Commission, in order to speed up the promotion of energy-saving emission reduction, the phasing out of incandescent lamps, speed up the promotion of energy-saving lamps, Development and Reform Commission has launched the "China phase-out incandescent, speed up the promotion of energy-saving lamp action plan" , Energy conservation work to further implement.

    December 11, 2008, by the Guangdong Provincial Science and Technology Agency, the Office of Construction and the Dongguan Municipal People's Government jointly sponsored the "Guangdong Province high-power LED street lamp demonstration and promotion will be held in Dongguan, Guangdong province implementation of the" thousands of miles " Power LED lights demonstration project was officially launched. According to the plan, next year, Guangdong Province will be in Guangzhou, Dongguan, Foshan, Zhongshan, Zhaoqing, Shantou and other cities to build a total mileage of 1,500 km, the scale of about 100,000 LED lights demonstration and extension project. Among them, Dongguan City from December 2008 until December 2009, 22100 lights will be transformed into LED lights.

    At the end of 2008, China's national standards for the development of LED lighting standards has made great progress, the National Lighting Standardization Committee has 12 on the LED lighting standards through the basic validation, the Ministry of Industry LED lighting standard working group has seven LED standards through the basic Validation, if the progress is smooth, these standards to be further examination and approval of the relevant departments, the hope in 2009 promulgated and implemented.

    January 2009 light industry three revitalization plan proposed to submit the next three years, the revitalization of light industry will be food, home appliances, paper, plastic, leather, hardware, batteries, lighting appliances, washing, light equipment and other industries for the revitalization of the focus Other industries focus on brand enterprises. Lighting appliances as the focus of the revitalization, once again attracted the attention of the industry, ignite the LED lighting industry's hope.

    February 6, 2009, Shenzhen Mayor Xu Zongheng presided over the city government four twenty-eight executive meeting, study and in principle through the "Shenzhen LED industry development plan (2009 - 2015)", "Shenzhen to promote efficient Energy-saving LED lighting products demonstration project implementation plan "," Shenzhen LED industry public technical service platform construction program "," on the promotion of semiconductor lighting industry development of a number of measures "," on the bright LED industry cluster park planning research and related implementation recommendations " "LED international trade procurement center to build work program" and a series of support LED industry development policy documents, fully support the development of LED industry.

    April 2009, Guangdong Province Quality and Technical Supervision through the press release by the Dongguan ground on the photoelectric Co., Ltd., Tsinghua University, Dongguan City, Quality Supervision, Inspection and Testing Institute, South China University of Technology, Guangdong Province Lighting Association and other 35 enterprises and related units Drafted "Guangdong Province LED street lamp local standard" will be officially implemented in July 2009, "Guangdong Province LED street lamp local standard" is also the first domestic LED street lamp industry standards.

    April 28, 2009, the Ministry of Science and Technology in the "agreed to carry out" ten city ten thousand "semiconductor lighting applications pilot work reply" in the official release in Tianjin, Hebei Province, Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province, Baoding City, Liaoning Province Dalian City, Heilongjiang Province, Jiangsu Province, Yangzhou City, Jiangsu Province, Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, Xiamen City, Fujian Province, Fuzhou City, Fujian Province, Jiangxi Province, Nanchang City, Shandong Province, Weifang City, Henan Province, Zhengzhou City Shenzhen City, Sichuan Province ") Pilot work.

    Environmental issues are increasingly prominent, China continues to promote energy conservation policies, China is expected by the end of 2010 a total investment of 4 trillion yuan to stimulate the economy, including LED (light-emitting diode) industry will benefit, in addition to China will also be held in Shanghai World Expo, Guangzhou Asian Games, Shandong National Games, the Shenzhen Universiade, these large-scale activities need LED lights landscape lighting and large billboard projects will be the tender, the LED industry prospects for the incentive role.

    Development of LED lighting has a good social benefits and broad market prospects. It is estimated that by 2010, China's semiconductor lighting and related industries will reach 150 billion yuan output value. LED lighting applications for China to save electricity 200 billion degrees, the national industrial policy and have introduced the legal planning are reflected on the development of circular economy, promote green energy-saving lighting product development strategy.

    In addition to energy saving, LED lighting is the biggest advantage of mercury and other harmful metal substances, instead of traditional lighting can greatly reduce the mercury, lead and other environmental pollution. In the case of backlight applications, 2008 global PC shipments are expected to reach 296 million units (IDC predicts), if the LED to replace half of the backlight to each one CCFL (cold cathode lamp), each 5mg mercury calculation, it will reduce 740kg of mercury pollution, greatly reducing the environmental pollution.

    In summary, in the field of lighting, LED applications will be its green energy-saving performance, become the next fire and incandescent after the third lighting changes.